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À quoi ça sert ? Ça veut dire quoi ça ? Pourquoi c'est comme ça ?
What's the point? What does that mean? Why is it like that?
C'est ? C'est qui lui ? Un jour, une question !
Where is it? Who is he? One day, a question!
Est-ce qu'un enfant peut aller en prison ?
Can a child go to prison?
Un enfant ne peut pas aller en prison en France avant l'âge de 13 ans.
A child can not go to prison in France before the age of 13.
Mais après cela peut arriver s'il a commis des actes graves.
But afterwards that can happen if he has committed severe acts.
Toutefois, pour les mêmes faits, un jeune de moins de 16 ans est condamné deux fois moins lourdement qu'un adulte.
However, for the same facts, a young person under the age of 16 is sentenced half as much as an adult.
Ce sont les principes de la justice des mineurs.
These are the principles of juvenile justice.
Mais c'est quoi la justice des mineurs ?
But what is juvenile justice?
Ce sont des tribunaux et des juges spécifiques pour les mineurs, c'est-à-dire pour ceux qui n'ont pas 18 ans, l'âge l'on est considéré comme un adulte.
It is a system of specific courts and judges for minors, that is to say for those who are below 18 years old, the age when one is considered an adult.
Cette justice a deux missions : protéger les enfants et aussi les sanctionner de façon adaptée.
This judicial system has two missions: to protect children and also to punish them appropriately.
Car on considère que la personnalité des enfants est en construction.
Because it is considered that children's personality is under construction.
Les sanctions qui les concernent doivent donc être d'abord éducatives.
Sanctions against them must therefore be primarily educational.
Ainsi on peut obliger un enfant à devoir réparer ses actes.
Hence a child can be obliged to repair his acts.
Par exemple repeindre le mur qu'il a tagué.
For example repainting the wall he has tagged.
Et à partir de 16 ans un ado peut être condamné à un travail d'intérêt général comme nettoyer les espaces verts de sa ville.
And from the age of 16, a teenager can be sentenced to community service such as cleaning his city's green spaces.
L'idée de ces sanctions ?
The point of ​​these sanctions?
Faire comprendre leur actes aux jeunes pour éviter la récidive (c'est-à-dire le fait de recommencer) et leur éviter au maximum la prison.
To make young people understand their actions so as to avoid recidivism (doing it again) and to spare them jail time as much as possible.
Malgré tout, si un ado est condamné, il ira dans une prison spéciale pour les mineurs, il n'est pas mélangé aux adultes.
Nevertheless, if a teenager is sentenced, he will go to a special juvenile prison, where he is not mixed with adults.
aussi il est protégé : il doit bénéficier d'une cellule pour lui tout seul.
There too he is protected: he must have a cell for himself.
Et jusqu'à 16 ans il sera obligé de suivre l'école au sein de la prison.
And until he is 16, he will have to go to school in the prison.
Il y aurait ainsi 731 jeunes de 13 à 18 ans en prison en France.
There would thus be 731 young people aged 13 to 18 in jail in France.
Cela représente un détenu sur 100.
That's one in 100 inmates.
Tu te poses des questions ? Nous, on y répond !
Are you asking yourself questions? We answer them!
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Added on 20 Oct 2017
Source: 1 jour, 1 question
Youtube, 18 May 2015
01:43

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